Computer programming is essential in today’s world. Millions of software and operating systems running in our electronic devices are because of computer programs. We can define the importance of computer programming by the example of mobile phones we used every minute in our daily life.
So, it is interesting to know from whom and where this technology or skill has been developed.
First computer programmer
Ada Lovelace called the first computer programmer. She worked with Charles Babbage on his very early mechanical computer, the Analytical Engine. Analytical Engine was the first general-purpose computer, which used punch cards for input and output.
Ada Lovelace wrote the world’s first machine algorithm for Babbage’s Analytical Engine. Analytical Engine translated the Italian mathematician Luigi Menabrea’s article in English during 1842–43.
At the time of Ada Lovelace the words like “computer programmer” and “computer programming language” not introduced because at that time the development of computers initially began.
First programming language
Plankalkül the first programming language for electronic computer, created by Konrad Zuse between 1942 and 1945. However, it was not commercially implemented until 1998.
Short code, the first high level programming language proposed by John Mauchly in 1949 and originally known as Brief Code.
FORTRAN( FORmula TRANslation), the first commercially available language developed by a team led by John Backus at IBM in 1956.